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Perinatal Health Data in the Brussels Regio, 2013, Centre d'Epidémiologie Périnatale, Bruxelles
Van Leeuw, V., Leroy, Ch., Englert, Y.
Centre d'Epidémiologie Périnatale
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2015. Données périnatales en Région bruxelloise. Année 2013. Centre d'Epidémiologie Périnatale, Bruxelles
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2015. Perinatale gegevens in het Brusselse Gewest. Jaar 2013. Centrum voor Perinatale Epidemiologie, Brussel
The objective of the Centre for Perinatal Epidemiology (CEpiP) is to collect maternal and perinatal
health statistics using exhaustive perinatal data registered on a routine basis (births and perinatal
deaths) in Brussels and in Wallonia. The process has been functioning since 2008. This report presents
the results of the statistical analyses of live births and stillbirths in 2013 in Brussels Capital City Region
(all births occurring in the Brussels area).
The report is developed by using official birth and death data in Brussels Region, both medical and
administrative data. Medical and socio-demographic data were linked and the analysis of evolutions of
selected indicators of perinatal health has been performed.
A stabilization in the number of births has been observed since 2010 with a maximum number for
2010 (25,095 births). Since 2009, we have been observing an important increase in diabetes rate and
in the proportion of overweight amongst pregnant women. A slow increase in the rate of cesarean
section has been observed from 2008 (18.9%) to 2013 (20.7%), mainly concerning elective cesarean.
The induction rate has been stable since 2011, while being close to the rate in Wallonia (31.5%) the
highest of Europe. Analysis of obstetric practices (induction, epidural, caesarean, episiotomy) shows
wide disparities between maternities. Mothers with hypertension or diabetes and underweight mothers
have higher risk of prematurity and low birth weight.
DISCUSSION - CONCLUSION
The increase of diabetes is likely to be multifactorial and may be related to the new diabetes screening
policy during pregnancy but also to a real increase in the prevalence linked in particular to the obesity
epidemic in the general population and to the increase in the pregnancy age. Diabetes screening
and care for diabetic mothers and their children are essential to limit complications. The increase in
the elective cesarean rate and a high induction rate seem to characterize the current trend towards
«programmed obstetrics». It is important to note that induction of labor and caesarean section are
not without risk and that their indications must be defined on a case by case basis to avoid iatrogenic
effects. Avoiding the first cesarean section at all costs and attempting vaginal delivery after a previous
caesarean section are two avenues that should be considered in order to lower the rate of cesarean section.